Coping

Which types of coping are most helpful for IS?

There are several coping strategies that international students utilize during to adjust, such as self-determination, collegical support, examination strategies (McClure, 2007), recognition of personal strength, involvement in meaningful activities, cultural values (Kim, 2012), suppressive coping (Wei, Ku, Russell, Mallingckrodt, & Liao, 2008), religion, positive coping, support seeking, and humor (Miyazaki, Bondenhorn, Zalaquett, & Ng, 2008).

How is coping related to IS adjustment?

Research has shown that independent self-construal (Cross, 1995), social support relationships, learning to navigate host culture, enjoyable activities outside of schoolwork, previous experiences and preparation, supportive faculty and staff (Moores & Popadiuk, 2011), presojourn and postsojourn perceptions of the United States, responses to discrimintatory treatment, family and friendship networks, openness to seeking counseling to address cultural adjustment problems (Constantine, Anderson, Berkel, Caldwell, & Utsey, 2005) are associated with amount of stress, sense of belonging, and personal reilience.

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